Girl + girl = pregnant?
Sarah replies:If a girl and a girl have sex, can they get pregnant?
Without some help...no.
In order for a pregnancy to occur, the first thing you need is a sperm and an egg. Individuals who have ovaries are going to be able to provide the ovum (or egg) while individuals who have testes are going to provide the sperm. So if you have two individuals who have ovaries, you're going to be missing one things necessary to create a pregnancy (namely, sperm). Two eggs won't make a pregnancy, even if you could get them together (which wouldn't happen on its own anyway since ova don't come out of the body the way sperm do). Though it is wise to remember that any sort of sex between individuals (no matter what their sex or gender) can have STI risks associated, so it is still important to think about protection.
If two cisgender women (people who were assigned female at birth based on their genitals and still identify that way) want to create a pregnancy, they can do so but it will require some assistance. A sperm donor (whether that is someone the couple knows or a donor chosen from a sperm bank) would be needed. The women can then decide how they wish to go about trying to become pregnant. Generally this involves one of three options. They can either have one partner have intercourse with a person with a penis, try self insemination or seek the assistance of a medical professional to do a procedure like intrauterine insemination (IUI) or invetro fertilization (IVF). Each option has risks and benefits that the couple would want to weigh before deciding how to go about the process.
Also, if we are talking about a pair of women where one of them has a penis and testes (such as a trans woman who has not had bottom surgery), then a pregnancy could result if they have sexual contact. Gender is a concept that is both fluid and something that is constructed. If one (or both) of the individuals is trans, genderqueer, etc., if partner has a uterus and the other has a penis and testes, then it would be possible for a pregnancy to result from sex in that case.
For more information, you may want to check out:
- Where DID I Come From? A Refresher Course in Human Reproduction
- What's the Risk? Easy Pregnancy Risk Assessments
- Innies and Outies: The Vagina, Clitoris, Uterus, and More
- Innies and Outies: The Penis, Testes, and More
- Genderpalooza! A Sex & Gender Primer
- Boys Will Be Boys...or Not? Straight Talk About Gender
- The Bees and...the Bees: A Homosexuality and Bisexuality Primer