There are a couple different issues regarding Plan B, the only two-pill pack of its type that, if taken within 72-120 hours of a pregnancy risk-inducing activity, can reduce the rate of pregnancy as much as 98%.
There are those who oppose taking the morning after pill in general because in their minds they think it is abortion. The way the pill works is by inhibiting chances of pregnancy by a couple of ways: "“Plan B® works like a regular birth control pill. It prevents pregnancy mainly by stopping the release of an egg from the ovary, and may also prevent the fertilization of an egg. Plan B® may also work by preventing it from attaching to the uterus”"--that's quoted directly off the Plan B website.
Even though the long-standing medical definition of pregnancy, held by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, is that pregnancy starts not when an egg is fertilized, but when the fertilized egg implants in the uterine lining, to those who believe that pregnancy begins at conception, the Plan B pill is equivalent to a "chemical abortion."
The whole issue starts because they have a differing belief of when pregnancy starts. If one believes that pregnancy begins at conception, then the morning after pill "terminates" that "pregnancy" and is a chemical abortion.
If one believes that pregnancy begins at implantation, then the morning after pill is not an abortion. It simply makes the uterus unsuitable for implantation. The definition of abortion is: "abortion is a procedure which terminates an existing pregnancy, after a viable pregnancy has occurred, which is both conception and implantation". That definition comes right off of one of the Scarleteen articles, which I reccomend that you read. It's called Myths about Emergency Contraception.
The issue boils down to what a few key words mean to different people--abortion, pregnancy, chemical abortion, "when life begins", etc. When the medical definition of pregnancy, abortion, etc. are disregarded, that's where the problems begin.
Another issue about Plan B is about making it over the counter or not. Currently it is very difficult to distribute the pill because of all the propaganda surrounding it. There was a woman in Tucson, AZ a couple months ago who was raped and her local pharmacists still refused to fill her prescription because it was "against their morals." The morals involved in denying a rape victim her main shot at avoiding a forced pregnancy aside, that's an example of what happens currently.
Some issues about making it OTC include: women shouldn't take such a pill set without some form of medical advice, women under the age of 16 should be restricted from having access to it because they won't understand the directions, it's "abortion", accidentally taking both pills at the same time will be harmful (it isn't), it will increase promiscuity if teens know that there's a cure-all to their risky behavior, etc.
For more information and articles regarding issues/news about Plan B, here are some links.
What is Plan B?--from their website http://www.go2planb.com/ForConsumers/AboutPlanB/WhatisPlanB.aspx
Speak up for your Access to EC Now--what you can do to make a difference http://www.scarleteen.com/forum/Forum2/HTML/007385.html
The Last Chance Contraceptive http://www.kaisernetwork.org/daily_reports/rep_index.cfm?DR_ID=8923
Access Denied--what happens when women are denied contraception on "moral grounds" http://www.prevention.com/article/1,5778,s1-1-93-35-4130-7,00.html
Assault victim denied EC--the article I mentioned http://www.azstarnet.com/dailystar/dailystar/99156.php
[This message has been edited by faifai (edited 01-22-2006).]